Bream are a very structure orientated fish, meaning that they rarely swim in open water. By structure I mean reefs, moored boats, jetties, pontoons, weed beds etc. bream need a place to retreat to from danger and to feed. Bream will eat almost anything from crabs and prawns to sewage. They are referred to as scavengers.
Their diet varies considerably, relying on their habitat. This is where the smart angler can have an advantage by reading the signs and fishing with something similar to what the fish would naturally feed on. I fish an oyster encrusted rock wall and have found that the fish in this area eat a lot of oysters and green weed.
I have personally found that small green plastic lures work well here, as I feel the fish think that my lure is green weed. I also fish around oyster farms, fishing all around the wooden trays and frames. In this area you can’t fish with lead headed jigs and soft plastics as they get snagged too much, instead we use small floating hard body lures sometime referred to as crank baits.
This way we can work these lures over the oysters and the fish will dart out from under the trays and take your lure. The fish in this area use the trays as a source of food and shelter. There is also a ribbon weed bed close by where small green hard body lures work extremely well.
In the summer months we have prawn runs and around these times prawn imitations work very well. Bream will look for shade in the heat of the day so shade from over hanging trees and under moored boats are great places to target. Shade from over hanging trees are a great place to throw a cicada or cricket type lure as the bream lay in wait for insects to fall from the trees and then make short work of them.
Rock walls and the base of mangrove trees are great places to use crab style lures as these make great habitat for crabs and the clever bream knows this and is always ready for a free feed.
Bridge pylons are a magnet for bream, they hide amongst the pylons out of the current waiting for small fish, prawns, crabs etc to be washed past by the current then they ambush them. After periods of heavy rain bream will hang around storm water outlets where they flow into estuaries picking off anything that washes in.